History of Painting

The oldest known paintings are at the Grotte Chauvet in France, dated at about 32,000 years old. They are engraved and painted using red ochre and black pigment and show horses, rhinoceros, lions, buffalo, and mammoth. There are examples of cave painting all over the world.
History painting is the painting of scenes with storyline content from classical history, Christian history, and mythology, as well as depicting the historical events of the near past. These include paintings with religious, mythological, historical, literary, or allegorical subjects–they embodied some interpretation of life or conveyed a moral or intellectual message. The historical events chosen would be iconographic, not only depicting important events, but ones of particular significance to the painter’s society, as for instance, the signing of the declaration of independence in American history painting. (more…)

Cooperating Cover Mechanisms

Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to latching mechanisms for any type of enclosure in which two covers must be opened to permit adequate access to the closure interior. It is intended particularly for enclosures for printer-plotter devices, althoughits applicability clearly extends beyond such devices. (more…)

Cutter Assembly with Rotating Knife Blade

Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention is directed to devices for cutting web material such as paper. It is intended particularly, but not exclusively, for transversely cutting sheets from continuous rolls of paper. (more…)

Russian History and Heritage

The early history of Russia, like those of many countries, is one of migrating peoples and ancient kingdoms. In fact, early Russia was not exactly “Russia,” but a collection of cities that gradually coalesced into an empire. I n the early part of the ninth century, as part of the same great movement that brought the Danes to England and the Norsemen to Western Europe, a Scandanavian people known as the Varangians crossed the Baltic Sea and landed in Eastern Europe. The leader of the Varangians was the semilegendary warrior Rurik, who led his people in 862 to the city of Novgorod on the Volkhov River. Whether Rurik took the city by force or was invited to rule there, he certainly invested the city. From Novgorod, Rurik’s successor Oleg extended the power of the city southward. In 882, he gained control of Kiev, a Slavic city that had arisen along the Dnepr River around the 5th century. Oleg’s attainment of rule over Kiev marked the first establishment of a unified, dynastic state in the region. Kiev became the center of a trade route between Scandinavia and Constantinople, and Kievan Rus’, as the empire came to be known, flourished for the next three hundred years. (more…)